CC 100 whiteChristian Science in High Wycombe and Maidenhead

 

Acknowledgement is made to Mr David Snoxell, a local historian, who kindly reviewed the details of this document.

The Manor of Wycombe was held by Robert D'Oyley, one of the followers of William the Conqueror. In 1170s, King Henry II took possession, and gave the manor to his son Geoffrey Archbishop of York

1203    King John granted the Manor to Sir Alan Basset, one of the nine barons who were present at the sealing of the Magna Carta at Runnymeade. magnacarta
1281   The Manor passed to the Despencers, and later reverted to the crown by attainder.  
1332   Granted by the King to William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton. William de Bohun 1332 100
1399 The Manor passed into the ownership of the Crown, when Henry Duke of Lancaster became Henry IV.  HenryIV 1399
1411  The estate had two fulling mills and a great Barn. Held records show that the Barn was repaired in 1411 with tiles from Penn at 3s-4d per thousand tiles.  
1437   The name “Bassetsbury” was first recorded.  
1483   King Edward IV granted the Manor to the Dean and Chapter of Windsor, who later leased it to Lord Windsor, then John Raunce, and finally became vested in the Dashwoods of West Wycombe. King Edward IV 1483
1503 - 1531  Walter Jessop was bailiff of the manor, and the wealthiest man in Wycombe.   
Tudor  times  A half timbered house stood on the site, and Queen Elizabeth I was entertained there for one night by John Raunce. Re-modelling took place during the reign of Charles II, but some of the Tudor woodwork remains to this day. bassetsburynewTudor times
1717 The Dashwoods of West Wycombe acquired the lease of the Manor of Wycombe, comprising the Bassetsbury Manor house, the Mill and Barn and Holwell Mead (later joined to the Rye). francis dashwood 1717
1800s From 1812 – 1828 the Royal Lancasterian School occupied the Manor house with 180 boys housed in two rooms.  
1883 The Dashwoods lease of the Manor from 1717 expired, and the Ecclesiastical Commissioners sold it to Lord Carrington.  1stMarquessOfLincolnshire lord carrington 1883
1920s The buildings were derelict, and in considerable disrepair, with no internal sanitation, no water service or internal lighting. Sir Winston Churchill inspected the Manor with a view to purchase, but did not proceed.  
1931 Purchased by Fred Skull, the grandson of Walter Skull, renowned furniture manufacturers of High Wycombe. He significantly restored the Manor house through the 1930's, to its authentic history as a small Charles II Manor house, with some of its Tudor core retained. The main doors to the Manor and several other fittings (including wood panelling) came from the original Quaker Meeting House in Crendon Street when it was demolished. The South end of the Manor house was extended significantly. With renovation completed, the Manor house was then exquisitely furnished with period antiques.  
1934 Queen Mary visited the Manor house to view the restored house and its collection of antiques.  Queen 1934 100
1952 After Fred Skull's death, the contents of the house were auctioned by Christies, and the estate was purchased by Wycombe District Council. Previously the National Trust had been offered the Manor house with contents as a gift, but finally declined the generous offer. manor 1952

Bass Manor wedding
Bassetsbury Manor was in use as a prestigious setting for commercial lettings, and from 1997 was a much sought after licensed venue for weddings. The premises have recently been sold by the Wycombe District Council to the Crown House School for development, opening in September 2014.

Bassetsbury corn mill and adjoining cottages have been developed as housing.The Tythe Barn was significantly renovated by Wycombe District Council in the late 1990's, including a re-roofing and foundations, and subsequently auctioned for development as offices. The major part of the barn - "The Tythe Barn" and its outbuildings, were purchased in 2003, for use by the Christian Science church in High Wycombe, after over 70 years in other premises in the town. The outbuildings, which were the original cow sheds to the barn, were restored by the church, and are now used as car space. 

Tythe Barn Restoration

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outbuilding 001
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The rest of the barn - "Bassetsbury Barn" was previously occupied by an architects practice, but was recently purchased in 2009 by the church for its use, re-establishing the “Tythe Barn” as a single building.

The "Clark’s Barn" building was added in 2008, as an architect’s practice.